Rhinella dapsilis — Sharp-nosed Toad
Also known as:
Bom Jardim Toad
Rhinella dapsilis is one of the species that has been separated from the Rhinella "margaritifera" complex, which still contains a bunch of other not-yet-distinguished Central and South American leaf litter toad species. R. dapsilis managed to escape the ignominy of being lumped together with all those other toads by virtue of its fleshy snout appendage and smooth skin (well, smooth for a toad anyway).
This one is much darker, and possibly thinking much darker thoughts.
This terrestrial, diurnal toad surprised me by being awake at night and perched on a leaf about three feet off the ground.
It's quite likely that some of the toads I saw on this 2016 trip that I have identified as Rhinella "margaritifera" were really this oh-so-similar species instead. But this is the only individual about which I was *almost* certain, due to its clearly upward-pointing snout tip, smooth skin, and lack of triangle-shaped head.
- Bartlett, R.D., and Bartlett, P. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Amazon: An Ecotourist's Guide
- Rodríguez, L. O. and Duellman, W. E. 1994. Guide to the Frogs of the Iquitos Region, Amazonian Peru